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BusinessCommercial real estate problems in 2024

Explore the challenges in 2024's commercial real estate, from office vacancies & warehouse growth to investment risks & market dynamics.
Updated at14.06.2024
Published at05.07.2022
Matt Sadowski
Matt Sadowski

CEO @ proptech & real estate tech advisor

Stanislav Naborshchikov
Stanislav Naborshchikov

Solutions Specialist

Table of contents

  1. Navigating the Landscape of Commercial Real Estate Challenges in 2024
  2. Prestigious Offices: Market Segments Overview
  3. Industrial Real Estate Market: Key Insights Amidst Challenges
  4. Warehouse Market: Essential Dynamics and Growth
  5. Banks, Capitalization and Discounting Rates
  6. Property Point Valuation: Addressing Variability and Standardization Challenges
  7. Conclusion

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Navigating the Landscape of Commercial Real Estate Challenges in 2024

Commercial real estate, encompassing buildings, structures, and land plots designated for business activities to generate steady profits through rental income, capital gains, and investment returns, is a pivotal sector in the economy. The dynamics of this market, heavily influenced by leases over direct purchases or exchanges, unveil unique opportunities and challenges. Particularly in the face of an evolving economic landscape marked by fluctuating interest rates and the looming threat of a financial crisis.

The commercial real estate market, while offering substantial prospects for growth, particularly in urban centers, progresses at a measured pace. Tenants navigating this market, especially those involved in leasing spaces from municipal reserves, are often tasked with maintaining and enhancing their premises. It directly affects the rental values, which hinge on several factors, including location, amenities, and accessibility. This nuanced market is further segmented by the nature and purpose of the premises, ranging from office spaces to retail, warehouse, and production facilities, each facing distinct challenges amidst the broader economic uncertainties.

The office sector, like other commercial properties, is at a crossroads. By facing challenges such as rising vacancy rates, changing demands for office space, and the close scrutiny of lenders and investors concerned about the risks of real estate loans. The onset of a potential real estate market crash, exacerbated by a severe recession, places additional strain on the financial performance of real estate firms, urging a reevaluation of strategies in the face of an uncertain future. The commercial real estate sector's resilience is thus tested as it navigates through the complexities of market crises.

In this intricate landscape, the fate of commercial real estate, from office buildings to retail complexes, hinges on delicate real estate balances, investor confidence, and the strategic foresight of real estate firms. As we delve deeper into the commercial real estate problems of 2024, understanding the interplay between these elements becomes crucial for navigating the challenges and seizing the opportunities that lie ahead in this dynamic sector.

Prestigious Offices: Market Segments Overview

The office real estate market is segmented into prestigious offices, mid-tier spaces, and basic office properties. Prestigious offices at the top offer high-end amenities and command premium rents, appealing to elite businesses. Mid-tier offices balance quality and affordability, attracting established firms with practical yet professional settings. The basic segment caters to startups and small businesses, offering low-cost options without luxury finishes.

The challenges associated with this CRE's segment of the market are the following:

  1. High Rental Rates for Prestigious Offices: The top-tier office spaces command the highest rental rates due to their superior amenities and strategic locations, potentially limiting access for businesses with more modest budgets.

  2. Diverse Needs Across the Office Market: The segmentation of the office market into prestigious, mid-tier, and basic office spaces reflects the wide range of business needs and financial capacities, suggesting a challenge in finding suitable spaces for all types of businesses.

  3. Economic Options for Startups and Emerging Businesses: The availability of basic office spaces within municipal, departmental, and private enterprises at lower rental rates highlights the need for affordable options.

  4. Vacancy Rates and Investor Interest: The text hints at the challenges related to fluctuating vacancy rates and the need to maintain investor interest amidst varying economic conditions, which can influence rents.

  5. Strategic Location Importance: The critical role of accessibility and location, especially for retail premises near major transport hubs, underscores the challenge of securing prime locations that can significantly impact the success of trade enterprises.

  6. Market Dynamics and Real Estate Investment: The cautious approach to occupancy, with businesses preferring to rent before purchasing, reflects the broader problem of market volatility and the need for strategic real estate investment decisions.

  7. Potential for a Real Estate Market Crash: The mention of fluctuating demands and the potential for a market crash highlights the overarching risk of economic downturns affecting the commercial real estate sector, impacting office REITs, commercial mortgages, and the broader market stability.

Industrial Real Estate Market: Key Insights Amidst Challenges

The industrial real estate market is essential for production and manufacturing, focusing on long-term leases tailored to specific operational requirements. However, economic uncertainties and methodological shortcomings hinder the widespread sale of enterprises as property complexes, while bankruptcy procedures remain underutilized.

Despite these challenges, there's a notable interest in industrial properties in regional areas due to their affordability. The market's evolution is closely tied to national economic growth and the clarity of legal and regulatory frameworks.

For investors and businesses, navigating the industrial real estate landscape requires a strategic approach, mindful of its potential amidst regulatory and economic complexities. The future of this sector hinges on addressing these challenges, paving the way for investment opportunities and market development.

Warehouse Market: Essential Dynamics and Growth

The warehouse market, integral to commercial real estate, is marked by dynamic growth, balancing supply and demand with a range of facilities from high-tech warehouses to basic storage spaces. Customs warehouses are particularly vital for international logistics. The market adapts to diverse business needs through flexible leasing and service options, including rent agreements and cargo storage with or without insurance.

Rental rates are set based on automation levels, equipment availability, and location, ensuring affordability across various business sectors. The increasing supply meets growing demand from new businesses and expanding global trade, indicating a stable future for warehouse real estate. This sector offers cost-effective solutions compared to office or residential spaces, appealing to companies aiming to minimize operational costs.

Despite economic fluctuations, the warehouse market remains a stable investment option, essential for logistics and as a strategic portfolio diversification for investors. Its growth is influenced by economic trends and technological advancements in logistics, making it a key focus for real estate stakeholders.

Banks, Capitalization and Discounting Rates

Capitalization and discounting rates are pivotal in evaluating commercial real estate investments, reflecting diverse approaches based on the entity's market presence and financial strategy. For entities outside the securities market, the loan cost or capital cost is preferred. Conversely, companies with publicly traded shares might opt for the average marginal cost of their own finances.

The selection further extends to the average production profitability within a specific industry or the company itself, highlighting the importance of sector-specific insights. Alternative investment profitability, like bank deposits, and the minimum risk-free return offer broader benchmarks for investors seeking comparative returns.

A crucial consideration is the real short-term interest rate, which accounts for the inflation-adjusted yield on treasury bills, providing a gauge for risk-free investments. Legislative adoption of a unified compound interest rate, mirroring past practices with capital investment efficiency rates, could streamline assessments across industries, offering a standardized benchmark for capitalization rates.

This nuanced approach to selecting capitalization and discounting rates underlines the complexity of financial decisions in the real estate sector, emphasizing the need for strategic choices that reflect both market conditions and regulatory environments.

Property Point Valuation: Addressing Variability and Standardization Challenges

Property point valuation presents a notable challenge in the real estate sector, primarily due to the variability in estimates provided by independent experts. This discrepancy stems from the diverse methodologies and standard coefficients applied in valuation processes, akin to manufacturing variances despite identical setup and execution. The industry's response to this variability mirrors manufacturing's adoption of tolerance ranges, suggesting that properties within a certain valuation range are deemed acceptable.

The selection of weighting factors for different valuation approaches further complicates property assessments. Experts employ subjective weighting coefficients, leading to significant variances in property values. A potential solution involves standardizing these coefficients across all valuation methods to minimize discrepancies.

Comparative market valuations introduce another layer of complexity, necessitating adjustment factors to align the assessed property with market analogues for a fair comparison. The arbitrariness in selecting these correction coefficients, especially regarding location comparisons, underscores the need for more structured guidelines.

A critical issue underpinning these challenges is the reliability of valuation-related information, encompassing both market data and regulatory standards for cost approach calculations. The loss or obsolescence of such data, previously held by design and technological institutes, highlights the pressing need for updated, accessible information databases to support more accurate and consistent property valuations.


Based on the actual ways of using such premises as the office of LLC "Own Apartment", the cost can vary significantly. If everything is simple in the residential real estate market in this regard, it is impossible to use an apartment except for living or renting for living, then the situation with offices is much more difficult. In the evaluation process, the most effective way of using the premises is selected, and actually evaluates the business. The result of such work may come as a surprise to the owner of the valuation. If it suddenly turns out that the premises are being used completely inefficiently, it can potentially bring in much more income than it brings now.

Proptech and Real Estate Software Development Insights

Are you interested in the dynamic intersection of property technology and real estate software development? At Mobile Reality, our expertise in proptech is deep and broad, covering a range of innovative solutions and industry trends. We tackle unique challenges and employ cutting-edge strategies to advance real estate technology. Our selection of in-depth articles provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in proptech and real estate software:

Dive into these informative resources to enhance your understanding of the proptech sector. Please contact our sales team if you're considering collaborating in proptech or real estate software development. And for those interested in joining our pioneering team, visit our careers page and submit your CV. Join us in shaping the future of proptech and real estate software development!

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Matt Sadowski

CEO of Mobile Reality

CEO of Mobile Reality

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